TYPE: Business twin-turboprop.
PROGRAMME: King Air 90 first flew 21 November 1963. C90B announced at NBAA Convention, October 1991; superseded King Air 90, A90, B90, C90, C90-1, C90A; introduced four-blade McCauley propellers, special interior soundproofing, updated and redesigned interior, updated cockpit features and interior noise and vibration levels substantially reduced. A model delivered on 24 June 1996 to Jeld-Wen of Klamath Falls, Oregon, was the 5,000th King Air of all versions to be produced.
CURRENT VERSIONS: C90B: Standard version from 1991, but engineering designation remains 90A.
Detailed description applies to C90B.
King Air 200 and 350: Described separately.
CUSTOMERS: Total 1,689 commercial and 226 military King Air 90/A90/B90/C90/C90-1/C90A/C90B/C90SE delivered by September 2003, including 40 C90Bs and (now discontinued) C90SEs in 1995, 38 C90Bs in 1996, 41 C90Bs in 1997, 37 C90Bs in 1998, 41 C90Bs in 1999, 46 C90Bs in 2000, 41 C90Bs in 2001, 21 C90Bs in 2002, and 10 C90Bs in the first nine months of 2003. 1,600th delivered to Larry V Plummer at Camarillo, California, September 2000.
COSTS: C90B US$2.867 million (2001).
DESIGN FEATURES: Conventional low-wing, twin-engined monoplane. Wing section NACA 23014.1 (modified) at root, 23016.22 (modified) at outer end of centre-section, 23012 at tip; dihedral 7°; incidence 4° 48' at root, 0° at tip; tailplane 7° dihedral.
FLYING CONTROLS: Conventional and manual. Trim tabs on port aileron, in both elevators and rudders; single-slotted aluminium flaps.
STRUCTURE: Generally light alloy; magnesium ailerons. Internal corrosion-proofing.
LANDING GEAR: Hydraulically retractable tricycle type. Nosewheel retracts rearward, mainwheels forward into engine nacelles. Mainwheels protrude slightly beneath nacelles when retracted, for safety in a wheels-up emergency landing. Fully castoring steerable nosewheel with shimmy damper. Beech oleo-pneumatic shock-absorbers. Goodrich mainwheels with tyres size 8.50-10 (8 ply) tubeless, pressure 3.79 bar (55 lb/sq in). Goodrich nosewheel with tyre size 6.50-10 (6 ply) tubeless, pressure 3.59 bar (52 lb/sq in). Goodrich heat-sink and air-cooled multidisc hydraulic brakes. Parking brake. Minimum ground turning radius 10.82 m (35 ft 6 in).
POWER PLANT: Two 410 kW (550 shp) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-21 turboprops, each driving a Hartzell four-blade constant-speed fully feathering propeller. Propeller auto ignition system, environmental fuel drain collection system, magnetic chip detector, automatic propeller feathering and propeller synchrophaser standard. Fuel in two tanks in engine nacelles, each with usable capacity of 231 litres (61.0 US gallons; 50.8 Imp gallons), and auxiliary bladder tanks in outer wings, each with capacity of 496 litres (131 US gallons; 109 Imp gallons). Total usable fuel capacity 1,454 litres (384 US gallons; 320 Imp gallons). Refuelling points in top of each engine nacelle and in wing leading-edge outboard of each nacelle. Oil capacity 13.2 litres (3.5 US gallons; 2.9 Imp gallons) per engine.
ACCOMMODATION: Two four-way adjustable seats side by side in cockpit with dual controls standard. Normally, four reclining seats in main cabin, in two pairs facing each other fore and aft. Standard furnishings include cabin forward partition, with fore and aft partition and coat rack, hinged nose baggage compartment door, seat belts and inertia reel shoulder harnesses for all seats. Standard accommodation for six passengers, four in club arrangement, one on sideways-facing seat adjacent door, and one on lavatory/seat in baggage area. Baggage racks at rear of cabin on starboard side, with lavatory on port side. Door on port side aft of wing, with built-in airstairs. Emergency exit on starboard side of cabin. Entire accommodation pressurised, heated and air conditioned. Electrically heated windscreen, windscreen defroster and windscreen wipers standard.
SYSTEMS: Pressurisation by dual engine bleed air system with pressure differential of 0.34 bar (5.0 lb/sq in). Cabin heated by 45,000 BTU dual engine bleed air system and auxiliary electrical heating system. Hydraulic system for landing gear actuation. Electrical system includes two 28 V 300 A starter/generators, 24 V 34 Ah air-cooled Ni/Cd battery with failure detector. Oxygen system, 623 litres (22 cu ft) or 1,814 litres (64 cu ft) capacity, optional. Vacuum system for light instruments. Automatic pneumatic de-icing of wing/fin/tailplane leading-edges standard. Engine and propeller anti-icing systems standard. Engine fire detection and extinguishing system optional.
AVIONICS: Standard Rockwell Collins Pro Line II package with two-tube EFIS-84 in sectional instrument panel.
Comms: Dual VHF-22A transceivers with CTL-22 controls; dual TDR-64 transponders; dual DB Systems Model 415 audio systems; dual Lockheed Martin Fairchild CVR A1005; dual Flite-Tronics PC-250 inverters; edgelight radio panel; ELT; avionics master switch; ground clearance switch on com 1; control wheel push-to-talk switches; dual hand microphones and cockpit speakers; dual Telex headsets.
Radar: WXR-270 colour weather radar.
Flight: Dual VIR-32 VOR/LOC/GLS/MKR receivers with CTL-32 controls; ADF-60A with CTL-62 control; DME-42 with IND-42 indicator; RMI-30; dual MCS-65 compass systems. Goodrich WX-1000+ Stormscope optional. APS-65H autopilot/flight director with EADI-84 and EHSI.
Instrumentation: EFIS-84; ALT-50A radio altimeter; pilot's encoding altimeter; dual 2 in electric turn and bank indicators; co-pilot's 75 mm (3 in) horizon indicator; co-pilot's HSI. Dual blind-flying instrumentation with dual instantaneous VSIs; standby magnetic compass; digital OAT gauge; LCD digital chronometer clock; vacuum gauge; de-icing pressure gauge; cabin rate of climb indicator; cabin altitude and differential pressure indicator; flight hour recorder; automatic solid-state warning and annunciator panel. Primary and secondary instrument lighting systems.
EQUIPMENT: Standard equipment includes fresh air outlets; oxygen outlets with overhead-mounted diluter demand masks with microphones; removable low-profile lavatory with shoulder harness and lap belt; two cabin tables; cabin fire extinguisher; wing ice lights; dual landing lights; nosewheel taxying light; flush position lights; dual rotating beacons; rheostat-controlled white cockpit lighting; wingtip recognition lights; wingtip and tail strobe lights; and vertical tail illumination lights.
Optional equipment includes electric flushing lavatory; engine fire detection system; oxygen bottle; cabinet with three drawers and stereo tape deck storage; and pilot-to-cabin paging with four stereo speakers.