Claude Grahame-White achieved fame as early aviator, ran flying school at Pau (south-west France) and purchased land at Hendon and developed aerodrome, with its own schools and factories including his own. Built succession of aircraft 1909-19, almost all biplanes and early ones nearly all pushers, including Type X (Type 10) 5-seat passenger carrier for joy-riding and Type XV (15) trainer, of which about 130 built for RFC and RNAS. Post-war, GWE.6 Bantam and GWE.7 luxury transport. Last aircraft built was E.IV Ganymede bomber, with 2 fuselages and 3 engines, converted 1919 into GWE.9 airliner (2 x 450-hp Lion), scrapped 1920.

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