TYPE: Agricultural sprayer.
PROGRAMME: Embraer design; first flight (EMB-200 Ipanema prototype PP-ZIP) 31 July 1970; certified 14 December 1971; EMB-200/200A (49/24 built), EMB-201 (200 built) and EMB-201R (three built); EMB-201A (402 built). Manufacture transferred to Neiva in March 1980; many detail improvements introduced late 1988. Available from 2002 onwards as airframe only, giving option of customer engine installation.
On 10 october 2002, Embraer revealed the prototype (PP-XHQ) of an alcohol-fuelled (Lycoming) Ipanema.
CURRENT VERSIONS: EMB-202 Ipanema: Current version from 1992; generally simlar to EMB-201A except for increased wing span, larger hopper and choice of Lycoming or Continental engine. First delivery 2 October 1992. Experimental alcohol-fuelled version (PP-XHO) announced 10 October 2002 as joint development project between Neiva and CTA, with technical support from Textron Lycoming and Hartzell, aimed at reducing emissions and extending engine maintenance cycle; certification then expected within 18 mounths.
CUSTOMERS: 678 of earlier versions built (see Programme). Total of 850 built by October 2002; registration allocated to 853rd in October 2002. Total 15 produced in 2000 (latest information). In August 2001, five ordered by Dominican Republic. Production of alcohol-fuelled version to be 40 per year.
COSTS: US$200,000; alcohol fuel retrofit US$20,000 (both 2002).
DESIGN FEATURES: Designed to Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture specifications. Typical agricultural aircraft features, including hopper ahead of pilot and high cockpit for good view over nose; low-mounted unbraced wings, with cambered leading-edges (detachable) and tips; rectangular-section fuselage; slightly sweptback vertical tail.
Wing section NACA 23015 (modified); incidence 3°; dihedral 7° from roots.
FLYING CONTROLS: Conventional and manual. Frise ailerons; trim tab in starboard elevator, ground-adjustable tab on rudder. Slotted flaps on wing trailing-edges.
STRUCTURE: All-metal safe-life fuselage frame of welded 4130 steel tube, with removable skin panels of 2024 aluminium alloy and glass fibre and specially treated against chemical corrosion. All-metal wings (single-spar) and tail surfaces (two-spar).
LANDING GEAR: Non-retractable mainwheels and tailwheel, with rubber shock-absorbers in main units. Tailwheel has tapered spring shock-absorber. Mainwheels and tyres size 8.50-10. Tailwheel diameter 250 mm (10 in). Tyre pressures: main, 2.07 to 2.41 bar (30 to 35 lb/sq in); tailwheel, 3.79 bar (55 lb/sq in). Hydraulic disc brakes on mainwheels.
POWER PLANT: One 224 kW (300 hp) Textron Lycoming IO-540-K1J5D flat-six engine, driving a Hartzell two-blade (optionally three-blade) constant-speed metal propeller. Optional engine is Teledyne Continental 224 kW (300 hp) IO-550-D with McCauley two-blade constant-speed propeller. Integral fuel tanks in each wing leading-edge, with total capacity of 292 litres (77.1 US gallons; 64.2 Imp gallons), of which 264 litres (69.75 US gallons; 58.1 Imp gallons) are usable. Refuelling point on top of each tank. Oil capacity 12 litres (3.2 US gallons; 2.6 Imp gallons).
ACCOMMODATION: Single horizontally/vertically adjustable seat in fully enclosed cabin with bottom-hinged, triple-lock, jettisonable window/door on each side and two overhead windows. Ventilation airscoop at top of canopy front edge; second airscoop on fin leading-edge pressurises interior of rear fuselage. Inertial shoulder harness standard.
SYSTEMS: 28 V DC electrical system supplied by 24 Ah batteries and a Bosch KI 28 V 35 A alternator. Power receptacle for external battery (AN-2552-3A type) on port side of forward fuselage.
AVIONICS: Comms: Optional portable VHF transceiver.
Flight: Optional portable Garmin GPS.
EQUIPMENT: Hopper for agricultural chemicals, capacity 950 litres (251 US gallons; 209 Imp gallons) liquid or 750 kg (1.653 lb) dry. Dusting system below centre of fuselage. Spraybooms or Micronair atomisers aft of or above wing trailing-edges respectively. Options include ram air pressure generator for use with liquid spray system; improved lightweight spraybooms; smaller/lighter Micronair AU5000 rotary atomisers; trapezoidal spreader with adjustable inlet to improve application of dry chemicals; and, from 2002, electrostatic spray system.