TYPE: Regional jet airliner.

PROGRAMME: Announced (officially 'pre-launch') in February 1999; designations then ERJ-170 and ERJ-190; engine selection May 1999; first orders announced 14 June 1999; risk-sharing partners (see 'Structure', below) revealed at European Regional Airline Association annual meeting in Paris, 30 September 1999. Joint definition phase leading to ERJ-170 design freeze, completed in April 2000; first metal cut for first of six pre-series ERJ-170s 14 July 2000; ERJ-170 (c/n 0001/PP-XJE) first rolled out 29 October 2001, first flight 19 February 2002; followed by c/n 0002/PP-XJC (to be HB-JCA) in Crossair (to become Swiss) colours on 9 April 2002, by which time the first aircraft had completed 40 hours of test flying; c/n 0003/PP-XJB (first equipped with full Honeywell Primus Epic avionics suite) on 25 May 2002; c/n 0004/PP-XJF on 19 June 2002; c/n 0005/PP-XJA on 14 July 2002; and c/n 0006/PP-XJS on 27 July 2002. Announced at roll-out that ERJ prefix was discontinued and that ERJ-190-200 to be known as Embraer 195; intermediate Embraer 175 simultaneously revealed.
Public debut (PP-XJE) at Regional Airline Association convention at Nashville, Tennesse 12 to 15 May 2002, followed by European debut (PP-XJA) at Farnborough International Air Show 22 July 2002, followed by European demonstration tour comprising 18 flights totalling more than 100 hours.
Six flying aircraft scheduled to conduct 1,800 hour flight test programme, culminating in CTA/JAA certification in November 2003. Further two static test airframes (801 and 802) will conduct fatigue test programme with aim of completing 5,000 simulated flights to clear aircraft for 2,500 actual flight hours by time of certification, and eventual demonstration of 80,000-cycle economic service life. Total of 23 scheduled for delivery during 2003; initial production rate up to two per month in 2003, rising to four per month in 2004, with maximum capacity of six per month. Certification and first delivery of Embraer 175 scheduled for third quarter of 2004. First flight of first of two pre-series Embraer 195s scheduled for third quarter of 2003, followed by certification and first delivery (to Swiss, formerly Crossair) in fourth quarter of 2004. First of two pre-series Embraer 190s will fly in 2004, with certification and deliveries in fourth quarter of 2005.

CURRENT VERSIONS: Embraer 170: Baseline version with 70 seats; available in Standard and Long-Range versions.
Embraer 175: Longer version with 1.77 m (5 ft 9 ¾ in) fuselage stretch by means of two plugs to accommodate 78 to 86 passengers; offered in Standard and Long-Range versions. First flight (c/n 0014-PP-XJD) 14 June 2003.
Embraer 190: Further stretch by 6.25 m (20 ft 6 in) to accommodate up to 104 passengers; wing span increased by 2.56 m (8 ft 4¾ in); GE CF34-8E-10 engines; strengthened landing gear; available in Standard and Long-Range versions. Launch customer jetBlue ordered 100, plus 100 options, on 10 June 2003. First delivery third quarter 2005.
Embraer 195: Formerly ERJ-190-200. Further stretch of Embraer 190-200 by 2.41 m (7 ft 11 in) to accommodate up to 110 passengers; available in Standard and Long-Range versions; first metal cut 23 August 2002; first delivery December 2004.
Corporate: Formerly ECJ-170. Proposed variant of Embraer 170 Long-Range with additional fuel tanks in baggage compartment area to extend range to more than 4,000 n miles (7,408 km; 4,603 miles). Launch decision expected following certification of Embraer 170.

CUSTOMERS: Launch customers Crossair and Regional Airlines of France announced at Paris Air Show 14 June 1999; Crossair (now Swiss) ordered 30 Embraer 170s and 30 Embraer 195s, with options on a further 100 Embraer 170/195s, for intended delivery (Embraer 170) from December 2002, but subsequently reduced on 25 March 2003 to 15 of each model, with first delivery (Embraer 170) in August 2004, followed by first Embraer 195 in 2006. North American launch customer US Airways ordered 85 Embraer 170s, plus 50 options, on 12 May 2003, for delivery commencing November 2003.

COSTS: Embraer 170 US$21 million; Embraer 190, US$24 million (both 1999). US Airways order for 85 Embraer 170s valued at US$2.1 billion; jetBlue order for 100 Embraers 190s valued at US$3 billion (both 2003). Development US$850 million for whole family (2001).

DESIGN FEATURES: Design goals include low weight, simplicity of operation, common crew type rating, high reliability, ease and economy of maintenance and ability to operate from same airports as ERJ-135/145. Low-wing airliner of conventional appearance, with podded engine below each wing and (on Embraer 170) winglets; airframe designed for an economic life of 60,000 to 80,000 cycles.

FLYING CONTROLS: Fly-by-wire. Ailerons, rudder and all-moving tailplane. Double-slotted flaps, five-section leading-edge slats and five-section spoilers on each wing. Ventral airbrake under development in late 2002 to meet steep glideslope requirements for airports such as London City and Lugano.

STRUCTURE: Embraer is responsible for radome, forward fuselage, centre fuselage II, wing-to-fuselage fairing and final assembly; risk-sharing partners are C&D Interiors (cabin interior); Gamesa (rear fuselage and horizontal and vertical tail surfaces); General Electric (power plant and nacelles); Hamilton Sundstrand (tailcone, APU and air management and electrical systems); Honeywell (avionics); Kawasaki (wing stub, fixed leading- and trailing-edge assemblies, flaps, spoilers, control surfaces and engine pylons); Latécoère (centre fuselage I and III); Liebherr (landing gear); Parker Hannifin (hydraulic, flight control and fuel systems); and Sonaca (wing slats).

LANDING GEAR: Retractable tricycle type. Twin wheels on each unit; tyre size H38x13.0-18. Aircraft Braking Systems Corporation carbon brakes.

POWER PLANT: Embraer 170/175 series has two 62.28 kN (14,000 lb st) General Electric CF34-8E turbofans; 190/195 series has two 82.29 kN (18,500 lb st) CF34-10E turbofans; both engines have FADEC.

ACCOMMODATION: Total of 70 to 76 (Embraer 170), 78 to 86 (Embraer 175), 96 to 104 (Embraer 190) or 108 to 110 (Embraer 195) passengers, four abreast at 81 cm (32 in) seat pitch. Optional first class cabin on Embraer 170 and Embraer 190 with three-abreast seating.

AVIONICS: Honeywell Primus Epic five-tube EFIS. Thales Avionics integrated electronic standby instrument (IESI) system standard.