FUJI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd)
Established 15 July 1953 as successor to Nakajima Utsunomiya Manufacturing Division occupies 47.7 ha (117.9 acre) site, including 153,000 m2 (1,646,880 sq ft) floor area; workforce 2,745 in April 2000.
Fuji producing Bell UH-1J: delivered last of 89 AH-1S attack helicopters (serial No. 73492) to JGSDF on 14 December 2000; has been selected to manufacture new T-7 trainer and will be prime contractor for JGSDF AH-64D; also manufactures wings, tailplanes and canopies for Kawasaki T-4; tail units and canopies for Kawasaki OH-1; wings and tail units for Mitsubishi F-2; outer wings, nacelles and tail unit for ShinMaywa US-1A.
Commercial aircraft components produced are spoilers, inboard and outboard ailerons for Boeing 747; outboard flaps for Boeing 757; wing/body fairings and main landing gear doors for Boeing 767 and 777, plus front centre wing box for 777; and complete wing sets for the Hawker Horizon business jet. Company was selected in May 2000 as risk-sharing subcontractor to produce composites fuselages for Bell/Agusta BA609 tiltrotor, with deliveres to start in FY03; named in June 2002 as components source for Airbus A380. Other products include BQM-34AJKai (modified Firebee) and J/AQM-1 target drones and RPH-2 and FFOS unmanned helicopters.
Fuji has participated in such projects as design of the HOPE-X space shuttle and development of an NAL aero-spaceplane. Research continues towards an SST/HST (supersonic/hypersonic transport), including a thermal protection system, heat-resistant structures and composites materials.
JAPAN AIRCRAFT DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
Known as CTDC (Civil Transport Development Corporation) from 1973 until 1982, JADC is a consortium established by airframe manufacturers Mitsubishi, Kawasaki and Fuji to promote commercial aircraft business with the support of the Japanese government. Airframe production share (15 per cent of the Boeing 767 and 21 per cent of the 777) is managed by JADC's sister organisation, Commercial Aircraft Company (CAC). By end of 2002, CAC members had supplied 904 shipsets of parts for the 767 and 433 for 777.
Current research programmes include high-speed transport studies, advanced systems, innovative structures, next-generation avionics, advanced composites design and manufacturing and market research.
KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Company originated 1923 at Gifu when opened as Kakamigahara subplant for aircraft division of Kawasaki Dockyards. Present Gifu facility is on 712,000 m2 (7.66 million sq ft) site with 291,000 m2 (3.13 million sq ft) covered area. Nagoya 1 Works, opened December 1992, has site and covered areas of 71,000 and 10,000 m2 (764,250 and 107,650 sq ft) respectively; corresponding figures for Nagoya 2 (opened 1979) are 18,000 and 6,000 m2 (193,750 and 64,600 sq ft).
Kawasaki Aircraft Company has built many US aircraft under license since 1955; amalgamated with Kawasaki Dockyard Company and Kawasaki Rolling Stock Manufacturing Company to form Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd 1 April 1969; Aerospace Group employs some 3,200 people; Gas Turbine & Machinery Group has some 800 aerospace-related employees. Kawasaki has had 25 per cent holding in Nippi since 1970; increased to 100 per cent with effect from 1 April 2003.
Kawasaki prime contractor on recently completed T-4 programme and for OH-1 observation helicopter; now also leading development of C-X/P-X transport/maritime patroller programme; co-developer and co-producer, with Eurocopter, of BK 117/EC 145 helicopter; is prime contractor for Japanese licensed production of CH-47 Chinooks for JGSDF and JASDF; was prime contractor for P-3C variants for JMSDF (now completed); also built MD Helicopters MD 500 under licence.
Subcontract work includes centre fuselage for Mitsubishi F-2; currently producing forward and centre-fuselage barrel sections and wing ribs for Boeing 767 and 777, plus rear centre wing box and rear pressure bulkhead for 777. Delivery of blended winglets for retrofit of early-model Boeing 737s (-300/400/500) began in October 2002. Acquisition of Nippi brings in additional component work for Boeing 747 (fuselage frames) and 777 (wing in-spar ribs and nosewheel doors); Mitsubishi F-2 (wing pylons); and Shin Maywa US-1AKai (main landing gear fairing). Kawasaki also responsible for design and sole-source manufacture of transmission for MD Helicopters Explorer; in 1999 signed agreement with Aerostructures of USA to manufacture cabin doors and tailcones for Bell/Agusta BA609. Risk-sharing partner on Embraer 170/175 and 190/195, for which wing components built by Kawasaki Aeronautica do Brasil in new Neiva-built facility 300 km (186 miles) north-west of Sao Jose dos Campos, inaugurated 24 April 2003. Nominated as prime contractor for maintenance and support of JASDF E-2C Hawkeyes, E-767 AWACS and C-130 Hercules.
Kawasaki also extensivety involved in satellites and launch vehicles; is member of International Aero Engines consortium and produces T53 and T55 engines under licence; overhauls engines; and bnilds hangars, docks, passenger bridges and other airport equipment.
MITSUBISHI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd)
Main Nagoya facility (previously known as Komaki North) was divided in 1989 into Aerospace Systems Works and Guidance & Propulsion Systems Works; former has 346,000 m2 (3,724,300 sq ft) of floor space on a 67.3 ha (166.3 acre) site and had a January 2003 workforce of 3,902; latter occupies a 140.4 ha (346.9 acre) site with 84,530 m2 (909,900 sq ft) of covered space and has approximately 1,700 employees. Oye plant manufactures aircraft fuselage components, spacecraft parts and other aero-related equipment; Tobishima plant responsible for aircraft fuselage subassembly, plus assembly and check-out of space systems; fuselage subassembly, final assembly, outfitting, flight test and repair undertaken by Komaki South plant.
Mitsubishi developed the MU-2 utility aircraft, Mu-300 business jet and F-2 support fighter, and is currently prime contractor for the F-2 and (Sikorsky) SH/UH-60J helicopter series; MH2000 helicopter restored to development flight test status in 2002. Company was also prime contractor for the T-2 supersonic trainer, F-4EJ Phantom II, F-1 close support aircraft and F-15J/DJ for the JASDF, with Fuji, Kawasaki, Nippi and ShinMaywa as principal subcontractors.
Subcontract work includes participation in programmes for the Airbus A380 (cargo doors); Boeing 737/747 (flaps); Boeing 767/777 (fuselage panels and doors); Bombardier Global Express and Challenger 300 (wings); and components for the PW4000 turbofan engine.
SHINMAYWA KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Former Kawanishi Aircraft Company (established 1928); became Shin Meiwa in 1949 and renamed ShinMaywa Industries in June 1992; major overhaul centre for Japanese and US military and commercial aircraft. Principal activities are production and/or upgrading of US-IA for JMSDF, and overhaul work on amphibians. Manufactures external drop tanks for Kawasaki T-4s; tailplanes for Mitsubishi-built SH-60Js; internal cargo handling system for Kawasaki-built CH-47JA; fixed trailing-edges for Boeing 767, under subcontract to Vought; and other components for Boeing 767, under subcontract to Mitsubishi; design and manufacture of wing/body fairings for Boeing 777 (Five sets per month in 2002). Support centre for U-36A (Learjet 36A) and Fairchild aircraft; maintenance and technical support for JASDF U-4 (Gulfstream IV) since 1996.
Continues to study and look for partners to develop Amphibious Air Transport System, which is 30/50-passenger airliner powered by two wing-mounted turbofans with upper surface blowing; range would vary from 500 n miles (926 km; 575 miles) with full payload to 1,200 n miles (2,222 km; 1,381 miles) with full fuel; take-off distance 1,000 m (3,280 ft) on water and 800 m (2,624 ft) on soft ground; cruising speed between 300 and 360 kt (556 and 667 km/h; 345 and 414 mph).
GEN YANAGISAWA ENGINEERING SYSTEM CO LTD
Mr Yanagisawa, whose nickname is 'Gen', developed a small, but comparatively high-powered, horizontally opposed two-cylinder engine while working for the Zenoa company. By 1985, this had been tested in a hang-glider, para-glider and model aircraft, but failed to find a market. Tests of a coaxial rotor RPV in 1987 were unsuccessful because of control problems, while a manned twin-engined design in 1992 failed to produce sufficient lift. By 1994, however, this had evolved into the BDH-1 (Boy's Dream Helicopter 1), exhibited at that year's Japan Aerospace Show. A three-engined BDH-2 followed in 1996 and was further modified as the BDH-3 which, although successful, was unable to sustain height with one engine inoperative. The BDH-4 was shown at AirVenture, Oshkosh, USA, in 1997 and continues to be refined. Manufacture is by ESCO, a general engineering company headed by Mr Yanagisawa, which has produced over 400 types of equipment since being founded in 1971. The assistance of a US agent was enlisted to collaborate on H-4 trials, such as ballistic parachutes and high-speed cruising, which are prohibited by Japanese air law.