AIRBUS SAS (an EADS joint company with BAE Systems)
Airbus Industrie set up 18 December 1970 as Groupement d'lnteret Economique (GIE: a company which makes no profits or losses in its own right) and has been profitable since 1990, producing an operating surplus that is shared among its partners. Its first task was to manage development, manufacture, marketing and support of A300; this management now extends to A300-600, A310, A318, A319/ACJ, A320, A321, A330, A340 and A380. Large Airliner Division created in March 1996 to oversee A3XX (later A380) project. Airbus delivered its 3,000th aircraft, an A320 for JetBlue Airways, on 18 July 2002. It is currently studying A30X concepts for a short-range, 200-passenger and long-range 250-passenger airliner as potential replacements for the A300 and A310 from about 2010, once development of the A380 is completed.
A new single-aisle internal flight deck door, complying with pre-existing and new FAA anti-intrusion regulations, received JAA design approval on 21 May 2002 and is in production; it was certified for the A330/340 family on 26 June 2002, and subsequently for all Airbus aircraft. In early 2003, Airbus selected Thales as its preferred supplier of HUDs for its entire range of FBW airliners.
Plans for establishment of a single corporate entity (SCE) overtaken and modified by formation of European Aeronautic, Defense and Space Company (EADS). Planned restructuring of the consortium into Airbus Integrated Company (AIC) was revealed in March 2000 and approved by the EC in late 2000; official starting date was 1 January 2001, although completion of formalities was delayed. EADS holds 80 per cent and BAE Systems 20 per cent of AIC, which incorporated in France on 11 july 2001 as an SAS (Societe par Actions Simplifiees) following a formal decision on 23 June 2000.
Airbus responsible for all work by partner companies and has some 45,000 employees, including workers at its spare parts centre in Hamburg and its US, Chinese and Japanese subsidiaries. Approximate European breakdown is Germany 16,000, France 14,000, UK 8,300 and Spain 2,400. Stork (formerly Fokker) is an associate in A300 and A310 and Belairbus (Belgian consortium) in A310, A320, A330 and A340. Alenia manufactures front fuselage plug for A321. An engineering centre has been established in Moscow in a joint venture (registered in December 2002) with the Kaskol group, which has shares in Sokol, Hydromash, Rostvertol and other Russian aerospace companies; this was opened, with a workforce of 25, in late March 2003, and will develop and coproduce components for the A380 and other Airbus types.
Subsidiaries include Airbus North America, Airbus Finance Company (AFC) formed in 1994, Airbus Training Centre (Miami) and Airbus China. Airbus's training centre in Toulouse, previously a subsidiary known as Aeroformation, and the main spares centre, Airbus Materiel Support, formerly Airspares Hamburg, have been integrated within the consortium's Customer Services Directorate; a new, purpose-built mockup centre was added to the Toulouse facilities during 1999 and was fully operational by end 2000. A training centre was opened in Miami, Florida, in October 1999.
In July 1996, Airbus Training and Support Centre in Beijing was opened, becoming operational in October 1997.
Address: 1 Rond Point Maurice Bellonte, F-31707 Blagnac Cedex, France.
AIRFRAME PRIME CONTRACTORS
- Airbus Deutschland (EADS)
- Airbus Espana (EADS CASA)
- Airbus France (EADS)
- Airbus UK (BAE Systems)
- Airbus North America, Washington, DC, USA
- Airbus China, Beijing
- Airbus Japan, Tokyo
AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES
Airtech was formed by CASA (now part of EADS) and IPTN (now known as Dirgantara) to devepop the CN-235 twin-turboprop transport; design and production was shared equally. The partnership applied only to the Series 10 and Series 100/110, with later versions being developed independently by CASA, according to a statement by that company.
- EADS CASA (Spain)
- Dirgantara (Indonesia)
AIRBUS MILITARY SAS
Airbus Military was legally established in January 1999 as a 'Societe par Actions Simplifiees' as the prospective manufacturer of the Airbus A400M, formerly known as the Future Large Aircraft (FLA). Airbus is the major (63 per cent) shareholder in Airbus Military; TAI, OGMA and FLABEL are full risk-sharing partners. Airbus Military has assigned overall programme management, during development, to Airbus in Toulouse; as the programme reaches production, responsibility will progressively transfer to Spain.
Conceptual work was undertaken by the European FLA Group (Euroflag). Euroflag Srl originally formed 17 June 1991, with headquarters in Alenia head office in Rome, to manage European FLA development. Aerospatiale, Alenia, British Aerospace, CASA and Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus (DaimlerChrysler from 1998) had equal shares in Euroflag Srl; MoUs established 1992 with FLABEL (SABCA, SONACA, ASCO and BARCO) of Belgium, OGMA of Portugal and Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) of Turkey to allow integrated participation in FLA programme; BAE and FLABEL were industrial, not national partners contributing their own funds, although the UK government announced in December 1994 that membership was to be upgraded to national participation.
The partners agreddd in September 1994 to industrialise the programme by transferring it to their existing airliner production company; formal announcement was made on 14 June 1995 that Airbus Military Company would be established, replacing Euroflag, which then disbanded. Programme makes use of Airbus procedures and industrial infrastructure and takes advantage of technologies developed for Airbus airliners. The projected percentage shares for R&D financing at that time were Germany 25.7, France 17.2, UK 15.5, Italy 15.1, Spain 12.4, Turkey 6.9, Belgium 4.1 and Portugal 3.1.
By early 1997, the FLA programme had lost development sponsorship by the principal participating governments, although military commitments remained, subject to the aircraft being produced with commercial funding. Programme was weakened during 1997 by unilaternal German negotiations with Ukraine over Antonov An-70. German MoD attempts to involve Russia and Ukraine continued into 1999, but these were not supported by Airbus Industrie, which declined to become the prime contractor and assume the commercial risk of a programme based on the An-70; a study commissioned by the German MoD and carried out by DaimlerChrysler Aerospace reached a similar conclusion in September 1998. By mid-2000, senior German government sources were stressing the need for a European solution, prompting Airtruck to request assurances that its An-70 was still under consideration.
Airbus Military submitted responses to the seven-nation FLA RFP (request for proposals, dated September 1997) on 29 January 1999 and to the competitive Future Transport Aircraft (FTA) RFP issued to Boeing, Airbus and Lockheed Martin by Belgium, France, Spain and the UK on 31 July 1998. Acceptance of A400M was formally announced by all seven members on 27 July 2000; subsequently, on 19 June 2001, MoU signed by seven of nine participating nations (Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain, Turkey and the UK) concerning joint procurement through OCCAR, with Italy and Portugal expected to follow suit in the near future, although Italy announced intention to withdraw from project on 25 October 2001, with Portugal following suit in early 2003.
Programme encountered further difficulties in 2002, with official launch still not having occurred by year's end. Although OCCAR signed contract with AM on 18 December 2001 for 196 aircraft for eight countries, Germany failed to secure parliamentary approval for funding before agreement expired on 31 January 2002; Germany finally announced intention to go ahead with purchase at beginning of December 2002, although the number of aircraft involved had fallen from 73 to 60. Subsequently, on 27 May 2003, launch order for 180 aircraft signed in Bonn by OCCAR and Airbus Military; previously, on 6 May. Europrop International TP400-D6 engine chosen to power the A400M.
- Airbus SAS (France)
- EADS CASA (Spain)
- FLABEL (Belgium)
- OGMA (Portugal)
- TAI (Turkey)
Aviation Service Intl of Florida/NEBO-Service
The company pursues the following business activities:
- Deliveries and servicing of foreign-made components for general aviation:
airborne VOR/ILS/GPS systems, airborne HF and VHF radios, automatic direction finders, DME equipment, ATC transponders with foot-graduated altimeters, headsets, HF and VOR/ILS antennas, weather and search radars, engine control instruments, starter-generators and power line detection systems;
- Official dealership of GARMIN, Comant Industries, Goodrich, UNISON, AVIDYNE, Telephonics, Westach Manufacturing and other US-based businesses;
- Deliveries of spares and rotables for engines by Allison, Teledyne Continental Motors, Lycoming and LOM-PRAGA;
- Official servicing centre for TELEDYNE and LOM-PRAGA engines;
- Periodic servicing and inspection of TCM and LOM piston engines;
- Sales of Cessna 172N aircraft powered by the LOM 332C piston engine that is certified for running on AI-95 motor petrol;
- Engineering consultancy services.
Address: USA Office : 318, Tamiami Trail #4, Punta Gorda, FL, USA 33950
Russia Office: Office 206, Bldg. 1, 88, Volokolamskoe Shosse, Moscow, 125424, Russia
Tel.: +7 (495) 490-61-05
Fax: +7 (495) 491-36-10
BELL/AGUSTA AEROSPACE COMPANY
Bell and Agusta announced on 8 September 1998 that they had agreed to establish a joint venture to manage development of two new aircraft: the BA609 tiltrotor, previously a Bell and Boeing programme, and the AB139, a new helicopter announced on the same day. Following approval of both boards, a definitive agreement was signed on 6 November 1998. Bell is the majority shareholder and will undertake final assembly for AB139s delivered to North America. Agusta, which has built Bell helicopters under licence since 1952, is investing and participating in development of the BA609, manufacturing some components and assembling those sold in Europe and certain other parts of the world. Additionally, Agusta is responsible for the AB139's development and certification, with participation by Bell. A military version was revealed in July 2000. Flight testing of the AB139 began in February 2001, followed by the BA609 in March 2003.
- Bell Helicopter Textron
Original McDonnell Douglas Corporation (MDC) and Hawker Siddeley companies initially associated in 1969 through US procurement of BAe Harrier; relationship developed with US Navy selection of BAE Systems Hawk; both types built at St Louis, although new production of the Harrier ended in 1997, leaving only remanufacture and upgrade work on the AV-8B. Joint work undertaken on advanced STOVL combat aircraft (later known as JSF), with additional participation of Northrop Grumman, until next-stage contracts were awarded to competing designs in November 1996. Boeing took over MDC in August 1997. Production of T-45 Goshawk continues, albeit at less than minimum economic rate.
- Boeing (Integrated Defence Systems)
- BAE Systems
EUROPEAN AERONAUTIC, DEFENCE AND SPACE COMPANY NV
Decision to merge Aerospatiale Matra of France and DASA of Germany was announced on 14 October 1999; previously mooted amalgamation of Spain's CASA with DASA was reconfirmed on 2 December 1999, increasing size of prospective company to 90 sites. Officially formed 10 July 2000, immediately becoming world's third-largest aerospace company. Asset distribution comprises 30.80 per cent stock flotation: 20.29 per cent directly, plus 2.75 per cent indirectly DaimlerChrysler; 5.53 per cent SEPI (Spanish state holding company): 30.29 per cent SOGEADE (Lagardiere and French government jointly); and 0.34 per cent directly by French government.
Five major operating divisions of EADS are Airbus, Aeronautics, Military Transport Aircraft, Space and Systems and Defence Electronics, backed by Strategic Co-ordination, Marketing and Finance divisions. Aeronautics division comprises Eurocopter and ATR; Socata; EADS Military Aircraft; and EADS Sogerma and EADS EFW for overhaul and maintenance.
Company controls Socata and Eurocopter (100 per cent); also holds 80 per cent of Airbus and 56 per cent of Airbus Military Company; and has significant shares in Dassault (45.8 per cent), Eurofighter (43 per cent), ATR (50 per cent) and missile and space programmes. Aircraft produced by EADS are described in their appropriate national sections with the exception of the Mako, which is first to bear the EADS name.
Corporate headquarters established in Netherlands and EADS is subject to Dutch company law. Turnover in 2002 totalled €29,901 million; orders €31,000 million: backlog at 1 January 2003 €168,300 million. Workforce 88,879, of which 40,322 (45.4 per cent) in France; 35,892 (40.4 per cent) in Germany; 7,430 (8.4 per cent) in Spain; 2,806 (3.1 per cent) in UK; and 2,429 (2.7 per cent) in rest of the world. Workforce by division in 2000 was 38 per cent Airbus, 26 per cent Aeronautics. 20 per cent Systems and Defence Electronics, 11 per cent Space and 4 per cent Military Transport Aircraft; remaining 1 per cent are HQ staff. Attempted to form joint venture with Finmeccanica of Italy under title of EMAC, as described later in this section. By 2012, EADS work distribution planned to be 60 per cent commercial, 30 per cent military and 10 per cent space.
- Aerospatiale Matra
- EADS CASA
- DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA)
EH INDUSTRIES LIMITED (Subsidiary of AgustaWestland)
EH Industries formed June 1980 by Westland helicopters and Agusta (50 per cent each), to undertake joint development of new anti-submarine warfare helicopter for Royal Navy and Italian Navy. Programme handled on behalf of both governments by UK Ministry of Defence; Westland allocated design leadership for commercial version, Agusta for rear-loading military/utility version; naval version developed jointly for UK and Italian navies and export, IBM Federal Systems (now Lockheed Martin Aerospace Systems Integration Corporation) selected to manage Royal Navy programme in 1991, overseeing and taking responsibility for RN-specific development activity, systems integration and aircraft production and delivery.
Kawasaki of Japan, in conjunction with trading company Okura, signed an agreement in June 1995 for joint marketing and support of the EH101, this to include local manufacture, if warranted by orders.
Partnership between AgustaWestland, Bell Helicopter Textron and Boeing Canada is promoting EH101 in North American market, for the Canadian maritime helicopter programme and for US requirements to replace HH-60G, MH-53E and VH-3D.
Created in 1992, the Eurocopter Group (Aerospatiale MATRA 70% - Daimler Chrysler Aerospace 30%) is nowadays the world's leading helicopter manufacturer. With the largest product range with single and twin-engine helicopters, from 1,5 tonnes to 10 tonnes, Eurocopter covers 85% of the world market. 1700 customers in over 132 countres have chosen Eurocopter helicopters to wing their way over the 5 continents: in all, 8414 helicopters operating worldwide, accumulating 2,23 million flying in 1998.
EUROCOPTER JAGDFLUGZEUG GmbH
Eurofighter GmbH formed to manage EFA (European Fighter Aircraft) programme June 1986, followed shortly after by Eurojet Turbo GmbH to manage engine programme. Eurofighter GmbH is owned by Alenia (Italy), BAE Systems (UK) and EADS (formerly CASA; Spain and DASA; Germany); development workshares are 21, 33 and 46 per cent, respectively. Eurojet Turbo participants are Fiat Aviazione (Italy), ITP (Spain), MTU-Munchen (Germany) and Rolls-Royce (UK). Radar is provided by the Euroradar consortium of BAE Systems (UK), FIAR (Italy). EADS (Germany) and ENOSA (Spain). NETMA (NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency) supervises the programme on behalf of the customer air forces.
All four participating countries agreed on 22 December 1997 to proceed with production and signed the appropriate authorisation on 30 January 1998. The aircraft was formally named Typhoon on 2 September 1998 although, initially, that title was only used for marketing outside Europe. However, on 23 July 2002, Typhoon name was formally adopted by RAF.
On 4 November 1999, (then) four partners announced impending formation of Eurofighter International (EFI) as dedicated sales organisation with target of securing half of available market for 800 combat aircraft over following 30 years. Relations with NETMA remain unchanged. First export commitment issued by Greece on 7 March 2000.
Former subsidiary marketing organisation, Eurofighter International, was disbanded in 2002. Deliveries to customer air forces began in 2003.