The ADA, an autonomous organisation under the Indian Ministry of Defence, was created in 1984 to be responsible for design and development of the next-generation Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) , which made its maiden flight in early 2001; its manufacturing partner is Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL). Several laboratories of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) have also contributed to the LCA programme, initial production of which was approved in 2002. Also participating in Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA), an international programme in the form of the Ilyushin/Irkut/HAL Il-214.


BHEL was approved for the manufacture of light aircraft by the Indian Ministry of Industry in March 1991 and by the Indian Directorate General of Civil Aviation in May 1991. Its most recent known product was the Swati light training aircraft, production of which appears to have ended in 2000. It was reported in October 2002 that all Swatis had been grounded indefinitely following a series of accidents.


Design and development of the Saras twin-turboprop business and commuter transport is nearing fruition as an Indian programme, having previously appeared in the International section under the Myasishchev/NAL heading and latterly under that of the Indian National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL). It has received Rs 1.58 billion (US$33 million) funding from various Indian government agencies and is currently under the leadership of CSIR, which has created the Centre of Civil Aircraft Design and Development (CCADD) to act as the nodal agency to monitor and manage the programme. Many Indian public and private sector industries are participating in the venture, with manufacture of production components being carried out in 35 work centres across the country. Final assembly will be by NAL.


Hindustan Aircraft (Pvt) Ltd, established at Bangalore in 1940, was taken over by the Indian Ministry of Industry and Supplies in 1945, transferring to Ministry of Defence control in 1951. In August 1963, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) was incorporated as a wholly government-owned entity, adopting its present existence upon merging (with no change of name) with Aeronautics India Ltd (AIL) on 1 October 1964. HAL had manufactured more than 3,400 aircraft and 3,100 aero-engines by August 2002. It has 14 manufacturing divisions at eight locations (seven at Bangalore, one each at Nasik, Koraput, Hyderabad, Barrackpore, Kanpur, Lucknow and Korwa), plus Design and Development Complex; nine R&D centres located with manufacturing divisions; all divisions have ISO 9000, 9001 and 9002 accreditation. Workforce 31,650 in mid-2002. Additional production centres at Nasik and Koraput were due to open during 2002. Hyderabad Division manufactures avionics for all aircraft produced by HAL, plus air route surveillance and precision approach radars; Lucknow Division produces instruments and other accessories under licence from manufacturers in France, Russia and the UK; Korwa manufactures inertial navigation and nav/attack systems.
Former Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) project now an international joint venture with Ilyushin and Irkut of Russian Federation.
Turnover during 2002-03 totalled Rs30.1 billion, including Rs1.03 billion in exports; net profit during this period was Rs4.51 billion; turnover targeted to increase by 20 per cent in 2003-04, in which period HAL planned to invest Rs9 billion in improved facilities to produce LCA, HJT-36 and Su-30MKI.


HAL currently has nine Research and Design (R&D) Centres, including one each for fixed-wing aircraft (ARDC) and rotary-wing (RWRDC) programmes. Former's main programmes are LCA (managed now by ADA) and HJT-36; latter concerned mainly with Dhruv ALH. Transport Aircraft R&D Centre was responsible for developing oversize cabin door, integration of Super Marec radar, gun pod, IR/UV scanner and flight data recorder for HAL-built Dornier 228 programme. Earlier designs have included HT-2, Pushpak, Krishak, Basant, Marut, Kiran, Deepak and HTT-34. Jet trainer successor to Kiran was revealed as HJT-36 in 1998; prototypes are now under construction. Complex workforce 1,901 in January 2003.


Bangalore Complex comprises Aircraft Division, Helicopter Division, Aerospace Division, Engine Division, Overhaul Division, Foundry and Forge Division, Industrial and Marine Gas Turbines Division, and Airport Services Centre. Programmes include subcontract work for leading aerospace companies such as BAE Systems, EADS, Boeing and Latecoere. Aircraft Division will complete 50 of 66 BAE Hawks, if these are eventually ordered for the Indian Air Force (eight from CKD kits, 42 by local manufacture, after delivery of 16 UK-built aircraft from BAE).
Aerospace Division manufactures light alloy structures and assemblies for satellites and launch vehicles. Engine Division manufactures, overhauls and repairs Adour Mk 811. Artouste IIIB and TPE331-5 engines; it also overhauls and repairs Adour Mk 804E, Dart, Gnome, Orpheus and Avon engines. Overhaul of Jaguar, Kiran, Mirage and An-32 aircraft, Cheetah helicopters and Pratt & Whitney and Textron Lycoming piston engines is undertaken by Overhaul Division.


This Division established in 1960 to manufacture Hawker Siddeley (Avro) 748; is currently responsible for manufacture of the Dornier 228, and for overhaul maintenance and repair of the Dornier 228, HS 748, HAL HPT-32 and civil aircraft. Co-operation agreement with Israel Aircraft Industries 21 February 2002 involves HAL in IAI (Bedek) Boeing 737 freighter conversion programme. Division assisting in design and development, and manufacturing prototypes, of the CSIR Saras; series production at Kanpur is planned. also plans coproduction of ATR42/72, for which launch order awaited in early 2003. Co-design and development of 100-seat turbofan transport in progress in 2003.
Division holds ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 accreditation and is equipped with Transport Aircraft Research and Design Centre (TARDC) specialising in role modifications, sensor integration, aircraft upgrades and repair technology.


The IITB is heading a team of Indian national aerospace organisations, sponsored by a department of the Ministry of Science and Technology, to develop airship designs for various domestic applications under the generic title PADD (Programme on Airship Design and Development). As proposed, PADD will proceed through three phases (conceptual design, preliminary design, and detailed design and development, of six, 12 and 18 months duration respectively).
Initial Phase I activity has included a small unmanned prototype, the PADD Micro, which made its first flight on 23 January 2002; this craft is 5 m (16.4 ft) long and has an envelope volume of 6.8 m3 (240 cu ft). It is to be followed by a larger version (PADD Demo) with 15 to 20 kg (33 to 44 lb) payload capacity. Future plans include a 100 kg (220 lb) payload airship and, eventually, one with the ability to carry 15 passengers or 1.500 kg (3,307 lb) of cargo.

This complex comprises the Nasik Aircraft and Koraput Engine Divisions of HAL.
Licensed manufacture of Sukhoi Su-30MKI is responsibility of this complex. Agreement signed at Nasik 28 December 2000 for licensed local manufacture of up to 140 following earlier order for initial batch of 50 Russian-built Su-30Ks (of which 28 delivered by late 2002); contract valued at US$3.7 billion; HAL investment in programme reportedly valued at US$650 million. HAL manufacture starting in 2004 and targeted for completion in 2017; first deliveries to Indian Air Force due 2004. Other present activities are MiG-21/27 upgrade, overhaul and repair.


Company was founded in 1980, initially building hang gliders; powered hang gliders introduced 1983 and X-Air range 10 years later. Currently markets Mosquito, Javelin and Racer hang-gliders and Clipper and Voyager powered hang-gliders.

Contact Details

Address: 40 Goshala Road, Mahadevapura, Bangalore 560 048, India
Tel: (+91 80) 851 69 37
Fax: (+91 80) 560 80 25

Address: Canal de la Martiniere, F-44320 Frossay, France
Tel: (+33 2) 40 64 21 66
Fax: (+33 2) 40 64 15 22
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


TAAL is part of Indian Seamless Metal Tubes Group; has modern plant at Hosur, near Bangalore, with 1,300 m (4.265 ft) captive runway, hangars, laboratories, paint shops and other facilities for aircraft manufacture and overhaul. Entered into technical agreement second quarter 1992 with Partenavia of Italy to produce P.68C/TC, P.68 Observer and Ap.68TP-600 Viator light twins in India. Installed capacity of plant (not yet attained) is 24 aircraft per year.
TAAL's other major aircraft programme is the Hansa-3 light trainer. Also active in air taxi operations and manufacture of UAVs for Aeronautical Development Establishment and structural parts for space launchers.