AVIC I COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT COMPANY
- Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAC)
- Shanghai Aircraft Research Institute (SARI)
- Shanghai Aircraft Industry Company (SAIC)
- Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC)
- Xian Aircraft Design and Research Institute (XADRI)
- Xian Aircraft Company (XAC)
Six Chinese organisations formed a consortium in 1998 to study the prospects of launching, with risk-sharing foreign industrial partners, a programme for a new regional jet in the 70-seat class. Initial concepts were focused on 58-seat (NRJ 58) and 76-seat (NRJ 76) variants. However, the latter project received the designation ARJ21 (Advanced Regional Jet, 21st Century) in 2001 and State Council approval in June 2002; ACAC formed in October 2002 to manage this programme.
CHINA AVIATION INDUSTRY CORPORATION
Zhongguo Hangkong Gongye Zonggongsi
Present Chinese aviation industry created in 1951 and has since manufactured some 14,000 aircraft (including more than 10,000 military), more than 50,000 aero-engines and 10,000 air-to-air and tactical missiles. Some 700 aircraft have been exported, approximately 10 per cent them civil types.
Former Ministry of Aero-Space Industry abolished 1993 and AVIC created on 26 June 1993 as economic entiry to develop market economy and expand international collaboration in aviation programmes. CATIC Group formed 26 August 1993, with CATIC (founded January 1979) as its core company, to be responsible for import and export of aero and non-aero products, subcontract work and joint ventures.
Xian, Chengdu, Shanghai, Shenyang, harbin and other factories carry out subcontract work on Airbus A300/310/318/320; ATR 72; Boeing 737/747/757; de Havilland Dash 8Q; and Bombardier 415. Licensed manufacture of Sukhoi Su-27s is undertaken at Shenyang. Co-development with UK/France/Italy and Singapore of AE-100 regional airliner abandoned in 1998 and replaced by AVIC I's ARJ21 project for 79/99-seat family of aircraft (managed by ACAC); AVIC II programme for smaller regional jet now to be met by co-production of Embraer ERJ-135/140/145 family by HAIG (Harbin).
Total workforce of aerospace industry was reduced toabout 500,000 in 1998, when about 34,000 workers were made redundant and some 14,000 others transferred to non-aerospace activities. AVIC's President announced plans at Airshow China in November 1998 to restructure aircraft industry into two "competing and co-operating' groups in the near future. Draft organisation plan submitted to State Council in February 1999, resulting in division of AVIC into two separate companies (AVIC I and II) with effect from July 1999. Workforces in 2002 were 240,000 and 210,000 respectively, with corresponding assets of 34.9 billion and 31.5 billion yuan. AVIC I comprise 54 industrial enterprises and 30 research institutes; corresponding figures for AVIC II are 79 and more three. Principal organisations in this structure, and their major indigenous programmes, are as follows. AVIC I announced intention in late 2002 to restructure itself, with future emphasis on its core aerospace businesses, which would operate independently of the parent organisation as specialised airframe, engine and aquipment business units. AVIC II was stated in mid-2002 to have government approval to float its non-military business on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
- AVIC I Commercial Aircraft Company (ARJ21)
- Beijing Aviation Simulator
- Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (J-7/F-7, FC-1 and J-10)
- China Air-to-Air Missile Research institute
- Guizhou Aviation Industry Group (JJ-7/FT-7; FTC 2000; jet engines; missiles)
- Shanghai Aviation Industry Group (airliner subcontracts)
- Shenyang Aircraft Industry Group (J-8/F-8 and J-11/Su-27; civil subcontracts)
- Xian Aero-Engine (WP8 and WS9)
- Xian Aircraft Industry Group (JH-7/FBC-1 and MA60)
- Changhe Aircraft Industry Group (Z-8 and Z-11)
- Chengdu Engine (WP7 and WP13)
- China Helicopter Design and Research Institute ('Z-10')
- Dongan Engine (WJ5)
- Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (Hafei Z-9, 'Z-X' and Y-12)
- Hongdu Aviation Industry Group (NAMC JL-8/K-8)
- Shaanxi Aircraft Company (Y-8)
- Shijiazhuang Aircraft Industry Corporation (Y-5)
- South Aero-Engine (HS5, WJ6 and WZ8)
CATIC (Zhongguo Hangkong Jishu Jinchukou Zonggongsi: China National Aero-Technology Import and Export Corporation)
Adress: CATIC Plaza, 18 Beichen Dong Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101
Tel: (+86 10)64 94 22 55, 64 94 03 70 and 64 94 10 90
CHENGDU AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY GROUP
Chengdu Feiji Gongye Gongsi (Subsidiary of AVIC I)
Major centre for fighter development and production, founded 1958; has since built over 2,000 fighters of more than 10 models or variants; current facility occupies site area of 462 ha (1,142 acres) and had 1995 workforce (latest figure known) of nearly 20,000. Production continues mainly to concern J-7/F-7 fighter series (several models), but new J-10 and FC-1 fighters are currently under development and/or early production. Chengdu also thought to be in concept stage of an advanced combat aircraft, possibly to the same outline requirement as the SAC (Shenyang) 'XXJ'. In addition, CAC was named in 2001 as a risk-sharing partner in the ACAC ARJ21 regional jet programme.
Subcoutract work includes passenger doors for the Airbus A320; wing components for Boeing 737/747: production of fuselage components for the Dassault Falcon 2000EX was due to begin in 2003 under an agreement signed in early 2002. Non-aerospace products, which previously accounted for about 10 per cent of current output, were targeted to have reached 40 per cent by 2000; it is not known whether this was achieved.
CHANGHE AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY GROUP
Changhe Feiji Gongye Gongsi (Subsidiary of AVIC II)
CHAIG (formerly Changhe Aircraft Factory), which occupies a 433 ha (1,070 acre) site at Jingdezhen, has a workforce of more than 10,000 and began producing coaches and commercial road vehicles in 1974. These and other automotive products still account for much of output, but batch-produced helicopters have included the Z-8 and Z-11.
CHAIG is responsible for manufacture of the tailcone, vertical fin and horizontal stabiliser of the Sikorsky S-92 helicopter. The tail for the first S-92 was delivered to Sikorsky in May 1997. Changhe is also thought likely to become the centre for any Chinese licensed manufacture of the AgustaWestland A109E Power, which was the subject of Sino-Italian negotiations in late 2002/early 2003.
CHINESE HELICOPTER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE
Zhongguo Zhishengji Sheji Yangjiuso (Subsidiary of AVIC II)
This institute (workforce approximately 2,000) is the overall design authority for Chinese indigenous helicopter programmes. Few details yet available of Z-10; other projects reported to include 8 to 10 tonne heavy-lift helicopter.
GUIZHOU AVIATION INDUSTRY GROUP
Guizhou Hangkong Gongye Gongsi (Subsidiary of AVIC I)
The Guizhou Aviation Industry Group incorporates many enterprises, factories and institutes engaged in various aerospace and non-aerospace activities; aerospace workforce is about 6,000. Main aircraft manufacturing plants are named Longyan, Shuangyang and Yunma; Liyang is aero-engine producer. Aviation programmes include JJ-7/FT-7 fighter trainer, two series of turbojets, air-to-air missiles and rocket launchers, plus participation in Chengdu (CAC) production of single seat J-7/F-7. GAIC also manufactures maintenance jigs and tools for the Airbus airliner family.
GUIZHOU EVEKTOR AIRCRAFT CORPORATION
Guizhou Evektor Feiji Gongsi
This company was created in June 2000, as a joint venture between GAIC of China and EV-AT of the Czech Republic, to co-manufacture, market and support the lightplanes and ultralights of the latter concern. Launch activity was to have been assembly of the EV-97 teamEurostar from CKD kits, the first of which was imported in August 2000 and made its maiden flight on 24 October that year. However, EV-97 reappeared at November 2002 Airshow China labelled as a joint venture between EV-AT and SAC (Shenyang), presumably indicating that the GEAC partnership had been dissolved.
HAFEI AVIATION INDUSTRY COMPANY
Hafei Hangkong Gongye Gongsi (Subsidiary of AVIC II)
Established as Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (Harbin Feiji Zhizao Gongsi: HAMC) 1952, subsequently producing H-5 light bomber (Soviet-designed Il-28) and Z-5 helicopter (Soviet-designed Mi-4) in large numbers, as well as smaller quantities of Chinese-designed SH-5 flying-boat and Y-11 agricultural light twin. Now core company of Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (HAIG) under AVIC II. Occupies 514 ha (1,270 acre) site, including 350,000 m2 (3,767,400 sq ft) of workshop space. Workforce in 1998 (latest figure provided) numbered approximately 18,000.
Currently producing own-design Y-12 utility light twin and licence-manufacturing Eurocopter Dauphin 2 as Z-9; also developing new 'Z-X' helicopter. Subcontract work includes Dauphin doors for Eurocopter.
HAI is partnered by Eurocopter and Singapore Technologies Aerospace in the Eurocopter EC 120 Colibri programme, for which it builds the cabin.
HARBIN AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY GROUP
Harbin Feiji Gongye Gongsi (Subsidiary of AVIC II)
HAIG at Harbin is the parent organisation of Hafei Aviation Industry Company. It has overall responsibility for HAI's participation in the Eurocopter EC 120, for which the 200th shipset was handed over on 5 September 2000.
In June 2001, HAIG signed an agreement to become a risk-sharing partner in the now-defunct Alliance Aircraft StarLiner 100, for which it would have assembled the 35-passenger version, as well as purchasing up to 50 for resale to domestic regional airlines. Also in 2001, agreement signed with Fairchild Dornier to manufacture wing/fuselage fairings for 328JET airliner and to produce the 528 in China. However, in early 2002 AVIC II indicated that a final choice of partner in a 30- to 50-seat regional jet programme had not yet been made, and eventually neither Alliance nor Fairchild Dornier was selected, the choice instead falling on the Embraer ERJ-145. Contract, signed 2 December 2002, to create new company (Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry Co Ltd), located in Harbin; Embraer to invest US$25 million in new 26,477 m2 (285,000 sq ft) production facility employing 220 people on ERJ-145 programme; ERJ-135/140 could also be built.
HONGDU MD HELICOPTERS
New joint venture created in early 2003 by RDM Holdings (60 per cent) and Hongdu Aviation Industry Group (40 per cent), with initial US$10 million investment by RDM, under which HMDH will assemble MD 500 and 600 series helicopters from US-supplied kits, first of which were scheduled for delivery to China in March 2003.
Recent sales to China (2002) have included an MD 500E and an Explorer to Guangdong General Aviation Company (which also operates an MD 600N), and one MD 500E to Xiongying Aero Club. At its formation, HMDH had received commitments from local law enforcement and tourist agencies. Future plans envisage gradual progression towards an increased share in the manufacturing process.
HUZHOU TAIXIANG AVIATION TECHNOLOGY COMPANY
Company formed 29 November 2001 as joint venture between Jinjiang Medicine Company and Aitas Corporation of USA with total investment of US$29.9 million and registered capital of US$20 million. Is assembling ASII (Sportscopter) Ultrasport, Rotorway Exec, a three-seat helicopter and an unspecified fixed-wing aircraft from imported kits. First deliveries (five aircraft, including one Ultrasport and one Exec) made in September 2002. HTATC aims to achieve output of 150 in its first two years of operation and full local manufacture, except for engines, by end of third year.
NANCHANG AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING COMPANY
Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Company (NAMC), which became a core unit of the Hongdu Aviation Industry Group (HAIG) in 1998, was created in 1951; it built 379 CJ-5s (licence Soviet Yak-18s) between 1954 and 1958, and in 1960s shared in large production programme for J-6 fighter (Chinese development of MiG-19); also built (1957-68) 727 Y-5 (Chinese An-2) biplanes. Current programme is JL-8/K-8 jet trainer. Agreements with and via Canadian Aerospace Group in 1998 provided for North American assembly and marketing of NAMC N-5A agricultural aircraft in return for option to build CAG Windeagle and Monitor Jet in China: however, project subsequently foundered. Also built prototype of NLA AC-500 Aircar.
The company occupies a 500 ha (1.235 acre) site, with 10.000 m² (107,600 sqft) of covered space, and has a workforce of about 20,000; it delivered its 4,000th aircraft in 1993. About 80 per cent of its activities are non-aerospace.
NANJING LIGHT AIRCRAFT COMPANY
NLA was created in 1998 by Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA), the municipality of Nanjing, the provincial government of Jiangsu and other business interests It has its headquarters on the NUAA campus and was responsible for the five-seat AC-500.