Aeromot Industria is part of Aeromot Group with Aeromot Aeronaves e Motores SA (parent company, founded 1967) and Aeroeletronica Industria de Componentes Avionicos SA (established 1981); former sells aircraft and spares and provides maintenance; latter certifies and manufactures avionic equipment for civil and military aircraft, including 11 items for Embraer Tucano and 13 for Italian-Brazilian AMX.
Aeromot Industria initially designed, certified and built seats for aircraft built by Embraer, it later produced several structural parts for Embraer aircraft, and designed and certified seats for Airbus, Boeing, Fokker and McDonnel Douglas (now Boeing) commercial transports. In 1985 it purchased assets of Fournier motor glider factory in France, including sole manufacturing rights for RF-10; has since incorporated several improvements to basic model, including a turbocharged engine and a trainer variant. A lightplane version, the AMT-600 Guri, with reduced wing span, first flew in 1999.
Factory has shop floor area of 3,100 m2 (33,375 sq ft) and workforce of approximately 150. Future plans include eventual manufacture under licence of high-performance foreign sailplanes and of all-composites four-seat light aircraft.
Following cessation of manufacture by the Billie company in France, the Petrel amphibian is being produced in Brazil for local and export markets. Marketing outside South America is undertaken by Amphibian Airplanes of Canada, which built the first North American SeaStar in 1998. Components are imported and augmented by North American standard items before sale as kits.
EDRA Helicentro is one of three components of the EDRA group, founded in 1994 and with interests in pilot training, aircraft maintenance, air taxi services and aircraft dealership (Schweizer helicopters for Brazil).
EMPRESA BRASILEIRA DE AERONAUTICA SA
Created 19 August 1969, Embraer operating on 2 January 1970. Its 250,000 m2 (2,691,000 sq ft) factory at Faria Lima was officially joined on 15 January 2001 by the Eugenio de Mello plant, comprising 147,650 m2 (1,589,300 sq ft) of covered space. Both facilities are near Sao Jose dos Campos. Fifth company plant, at Gaviao Peixoto (300 km; 186 miles northwest of Sao Paulo) opened 11 June 2002; to expand over five years to 3,000,000 m2 (32 million sq ft) and undertake final assembly of Legacy, Super Tucano, AMX-T and special missions versions of EMB-145.
Total Embraer workforce was 11,876 on 30 June 2002. Neiva became a subsidiary in March 1980. Embraer and subsidiaries have delivered nearly 5,500 aircraft.
Privatisation of Embraer was undertaken on 7 December 1994 with the auction of 55.4 per cent of voting stock. A consortium, led by Bozano Simonsen bank, acquired 45.44 per cent of auctioned stock, assumed a controlling interest in the company, and provided an extra US$36 million in capitalisation. A further 10 per cent of voting stock was offered to the public within 60 days, with Embraer employees and the Brazilian government retaining 10 and 18.4 per cent respectively. In October 1999 a consortium of French aerospace companies, comprising Aerospatiale Matra (now EADS France), Dassault, SNECMA and Thomson-CSF (now Thales), acquired 20 per cent of Embraer's voting shares. Embraer also embarked on a joint venture with Liebherr International of Germany to establish Embraer-Liebherr Equipamentos do Brasil SA (ELEB) to create additional opportunities for the company's landing gear and hydraulics components business. Embraer's controlling group - with 60 per cent of voting shares - comprises pension funds Previ and Sistel, plus investment house Companhia Bozano Simonsen.
Principal current own-design manufacturing programmes are EMB-120 Brasilia commuter transport, ERJ-135/ERJ-140/ERJ-145 and ERJ-170/190 regional jet families and EMB-312/EMB-314 Tucano turboprop military trainer. Subsidiary Neiva manufactures EMB-202 Ipanema agricultural aircraft and holds licences from New Piper in USA. Main production of International (with Italy) AMX attack fighter is complete, but Embraer holds outstanding contract for Venezuelan order.
In subcontract field, first deliveries made in 1994 of wingtips and vertical fin fairings for Boeing 777 under 1991 contract.
Embraer ia a risk-sharing partner in the Sikorsky S-92 Helibus programme; under a June 1995 contract valued at US$170 million, it will supply 730 sets of S-92 fuel sponsons. In 1995 Embraer signed a co-operation agreement with PZL Warszawa-Okecie of Poland under which Embraer subsidiary Neiva SA would market PZL light aircraft in Brazil and PZL subsidiary Skypol would acquire Brasilias for its freight and charter services. This appears to have lapsed.
On 3 April 2002 Embraer, Dassault Aviation, SNECMA Moteurs and Thales Airborne Systems formed the Mirage 2000BR Consortium to develop a version of the Dassault Mirage 2000-5 Mk 2 as a contender for the Brazilian Air Force's F-X BR programme. If selected, FAB Mirage 2000BRs would be assembled at a new Embraer facility at Gaviao Peixoto.
On 2 December 2002 Embraer signed an agreement with Harbin Aircraft Industry (Group) Co Ltd and Hafei Aviation Industry Co Ltd to form a new joint venture company, Harbin Embraer Aircraft Company Ltd, which will produce under licence the ERJ-135, ERJ-140 and ERJ-145, primarily for customers in the People's Republic of China. A 24,000 m2 (847,550 sq ft) facility is to be established in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, employing up to 220 staff. Delivery of the first Harbin Embraer-built aircraft was scheduled for December 2002.
Embraer delivered 177 aircarft (45 ERJ-135, 112 ERJ-145s, three EMB-135s and 17 lightplanes) in 2000, 174 aircraft (two EMB-120s, 27 ERJ-135s, 22 ERJ-140s, 104 ERJ-145, seven EMB-135, one EMB-145 and 11 light aircraft) in 2001. Firm order backlog 131 aircraft (one EMB-135/145, three ERJ-135s, 36 ERJ-140s, 82 ERJ-145s and nine Lagacys) in 2002. Planned target for 2003 is 110 deliveries, rising to 160 in 2004. Firm order backlog valued at US$22.2 billion at 31 December 2002, comprising 374 regional jets and 58 Legacys.
HELICOPTEROS DO BRASIL SA
Formed 1978; owned jointly by Grupo Bueninvest (30 per cent), MGI Participacoes (25 per cent) and Eurocopter France (45 per cent). First assembly hall inaugurated 28 March 1980; facility occupies 12,000 m2 (129,200 sq ft); new facilities, totalling 3,800 m2 (40,900 sq ft) opened at Sao Paulo in second quarter of 1998 for maintenance, spares, training, sales and marketing. Total of 310 personnel employed in 2002.
Assembly, marketing and overhaul, under Eurocopter licence, of single- and twin-engined Ecureuil/Fennec helicopters and twin-engined Dauphin/Panther; markets in Brazil and overhauls civil Eurocopter AS350/355 Esquilo (Fennec), EC 130, EC 135, AS 332 Super Puma; Eurocopter/Kawasaki BK 117C-1 (EC 145); and Eurocopter/CATIC/ST Aero EC 120.
Total of more than 440 helicopters, including some 310 Esquilos, sold by January 2002, representing 50 per cent of the turbine-powered helicopter fleet in Brazil; to more than 90 customers, including 206 to Brazilian police forces, Army, Navy and Air Force; nearly 10 per cent of overall total exported to Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Venezuela. Supply of new EC 120B Colibri to local owners began in 1999. Details of local Esquilo versions last appeared in 2000-01.
Having produced a prototype of the K-51 Peregrino two-seat aerobatic sportplane, Mr Kovacs is now working on design of the K-55 aerobatic competition monoplane and K-32 STOL, ultralight two-seater, which will incorporate variable geometry. Further details have not been released
INDUSTRIA AERONAUTICA NEIVA SA (Subsidiary of Embraer)
Formed October 1953 by Jose Carlos de Barros Neiva; produced Paulistinha, Regente, Universal and related lightplanes of own design. Became wholly owned Embraer subsidiary 10 March 1980; factory area 35,700 m2 (384,275 sq ft), workforce 930 in 2002, following October 2001 cut of 270 staff. Previously played major role in Embraer general aviation programmes, including complete production of EMB-711ST Corisco Turbo, EMB-710 Carioca, EMB-720D Minuano (of which some 300 delivered), EMB-721 Sertanejo and EMB-810D Seneca IV (licence-built Piper models); also responsible since 1980 for total production of EMB-202 and now discontinued EMB-201A agricultural sprayers, and for components manufacture for ERJ-145 and Embraer 170/190programmes. Low-volume production of EMB-120 Brasilia was transferred from Embraer in 2001. Built 17 light aircraft in 1999; same in 2000; and 11 in 2001.